The purpose of this article is identifying the symbolic value of the Maltese dogs terracottas made in Egypt. An iconographic origin was confirmed for the Greco-Roman world (from VIth-Vth cent. B.C.). Then, it is of wondering how these objects of regular consumption were able to be “readable” in Greek and Roman Egypt. The docility and the infantile trophe initially evoked by the Maltese dog are reinvested in the social relationships, chaired by the notion of “parentalisation”. In it is added the value of food supply, a main part of the community mechanisms. Under the Empire, the Maltese dog, more often individualized than associated with the child-god Karpocrates / Harpocrates, became a complete autonomous entity rather the qualifier it was initially (status of the infancy). This way, the terracotta of Maltese dog can join homes (ktesios), granaries (anatropheus), forts (military trophe)…